【星火英语版 】2016 年 12 月大年夜学英语四级答案 第一套 Part Ⅰ Writing Finding A Job First  College students’options upon graduation vary from person to person. Some students choose to hunt for a job while others prefer to start their own businesses. As for me, I would rather find a job first.  The reasons for my decision are as follows. For one thing, it is much easier for me to find a job compared with starting a business which demands fund, experience, and the market. As a green hand who has just graduated from college, it’s totally beyond my ability to handle such a complex situation. For another, working for others could develop my personalities such as perseverance and stress tolerance, which can help me become more prepared and qualified if I would like to start my own business.  To conclude, chances always favor those who are prepared. And I don’t think a person could really “build up from nothing”. As a result, I will find a job first after graduation. Part Ⅱ Listening Comprehension Section A 1 A It was dangerous to live in. 2 B A storm. 3 B They were trapped in an underground elevator. 4 C They sent supplies to keep the miners warm. 5 D Close some of its post offices. 6 C Stopping mail delivery on Saturdays. 7 A Many post office staff will lose their jobs. Section B 8 D He will lose part of his pay. 9 B He is a trustworthy guy. 10 D She is better at handling such matters. 11 C He is always trying to stir up trouble. 12 D Reserved. 13 A They stay quiet. 14 C She was never invited to a colleague’s home. 15 B Houses provide more privacy. Section C 16 D They will automatically be given hiring priority. 17 C Visit the school careers service. 18 B Supervising study spaces to ensure a quiet atmosphere. 19 C It may be sold at a higher price. 20 A It is healthier than green tea. 21 D It does not have a stable market. 22 B They prefer unique objects of high quality. 23 B They could only try to create at night. 24 A Make wise choices. 25 A To boost the local economy. Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension Section A 26 K rarely 27 O tortured 28 J minimal 29 D determine 30 G inadequate 31 B creates 32 E direction 33 M strengthen 34 L shelters 35 C critically Section B 36 C It might mean monitoring employee productivity on a digital leaderboard and offering prizes to the winners, or giving employees digital badges or stars for completing certain activities. 37 J Gamification is “not a magic bullet,” Werbach warns. 38 G ]Some people, Werbach says, are motivated by competition. 39 D The concept of gamification is not entirely new, Werbach says. 40 K Still, gamification only stands to become more popular, he says, “as more and more people come into the workforce who are familiar with the structures and expressions of digital games.” 41 E But the word “gamification” and the widespread, conscious application of the concept only began in earnest about five years ago, Werbach says. 42 B Increasingly, companies are tapping into these desires directly through what has come to be known as “gamification” essentially, turning work into a game. 43 H Gamification does not have to be digital. Monica Cornetti runs a company that gamifies employee trainings. 44 F A number of companies have sprung upGamEffective, Bunchball and Badgeville, to name a fewin recent years offering gamification plats for businesses. 45 I Some people do not take naturally to gamified work environments, Cornetti says. Section C 46 C They are over-burdened with administrative staff. 47 A Good classroom teachers. 48 D They are much bigger than is desirable. 49 A It requires talent and practice. 50 B Hiring more classroom teachers and allowing them to teach in their own way. 51 D It may be a pleasant way for kids to reduce their food intake. 52 D Most kids and adults would choose a smaller meal that came with a non-food item. 53 B Adults chose the smaller portion on the mere promise of a future award. 54 A The emotional component of the prizes is at work. 55 D More studies are needed to find out the impact of emotion on behavior. Part Ⅳ Translation The color of red in Chinese culture usually symbolizes good luck,longevity, and happiness. Red can be found everywhere during Chinese Spring Festival and other joyous occasions. Cashes are often put in red envelopes and sent to family members or close friends as gifts. The popularity of red in China can also be attributed to the fact that people associate it with the Chinese Revolution and the Communist Party. However, red does not signify good luck and joy all the time in that the name of the dead used to be written in red. Thus it is regarded as an offense to write the names of Chinese people in red ink. 第二套 Part Ⅰ Writing Going to a Graduate School Will Be Better for Me  If given two options after graduation, that is, to take a job in a company and to go to a graduate school, I’d prefer the latter.  First and foremost, it is widely acknowledged that higher level of education means better payments and more opportunities in the future in China. Therefore, I think another two or three years’ investment in graduate education must be worthwhile in the long run. Secondly, I love my major and have a strong desire to further my study so as to deeply explore some academic issues in this field. Finally, the job market for undergraduate students is too competitive for average students like me to find a satisfying job. Thus, it would be a better choice if I could obtain a master’s degree. Considering the three factors listed above, I would choose to go to a graduate school after graduation to earn a better future. Part Ⅱ Listening Comprehension Section A 1 B To replace two old stone bridges. 2 D Millions of coins on the bottom. 3 C It shut down two border crossings with Libya. 4 D Devise a monitoring system on the Tunisian border with Libya. 5 C A plant-powered mobile phone charger. 6 A While sitting in their school’s courtyard. 7 D It collects the energy released by plants.[ Section B 8 B He called the woman and left her a message. 9 C It has stopped working completely. 10 A To seek her permission. 11 B She is having her day off 12 A He saved a baby boy’s life. 13 B He is currently unemployed. 14 C A strong wind. 15 A She stood motionless in shock. Section C 16 D She wanted to have an ice-cream truck when she was a little girl. 17 A To preserve a tradition. 18 C To allow poor kids to have ice-cream too. 19 A The reasons for imposing taxes. 20 C Protecting people’s life and property. 21 B By selling public lands. 22 D It is surrounded by France on three sides. 23 B Its ruler Prince Rainier married an American actress. 24 D Clothing. 25 C Small countries in Europe. Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension Section A 26 Aabsorb 27 Ccontribute 28 Klevels 29 Gexplore 30 Mpicture 31 Ovoyage 32 Bcombined 33 Eemissions 34 Ddepth 35 Nunsure Section B 36 F As predicted, the students with a growth mind-set felt that learning was a more important goal than getting good grades. 37 C In particular, attributing poor perance to a lack of ability depresses motivation more than does the belief that lack of effort is to blame. 38 I How do we transmit a growth mind-set to our children 39 A I first began to investigate the basis of human motivationand how people persevere after setbacksas a psychology graduate student at Yale University in the 1960s. 40 G Such different outlooks had a dramatic impact on perance. 41 E We validated these expectations in a study in which two other psychologists and I monitored 373 students for two years during the transition to junior high school, when the work gets more difficult and the grading more strict, to determine how their mind-sets might affect their math grades. 42 A I first began to investigate the basis of human motivationand how people persevere after setbacksas a psychology graduate student at Yale University in the 1960s. 43 J In addition, parents and teachers can help children by providing explicit instruction regarding the mind as a learning machine. 44 D Later, I developed a broader theory of what separates the two general classes of learnershelpless versus mastery-oriented. 45 H A fixed mind-set can also hinder communication and progress in the workplace and discourage or ignore constructive criticism and advice. Section C 46 C They were subject to taxation almost everywhere. 47 B They find it ever harder to cope with sugar-induced health problems. 48 A It did not work out as well as was expected. 49 D Adjusting the physical composition of their products. 50 A There is no single easy quick solution to the problem. 51 D It affects models’ health and safety. 52 B Government legislation about models’ weight. 53 C It has great influence on numerous girls and women. 54 B It has now a new law to follow. 55 D It will have models with a higher BMI. Part Ⅳ Translation In Chinese culture, yellow is a color occupying a fairly prominent position, which is endowed with unique symbolic significance. During feudal times, yellow stands for the ruler’s power and authority. At that time, yellow was exclusively designed for the emperor, with the royal palace painted yellow and the imperial robe always being yellow, while ordinary people were never permitted to wear yellow clothes. In China, yellow is also the symbol of harvest. When crops are ripening in the fall, people celebrate the harvest in high spirits, with the fields taking on a vast expanse of golden appearance. 第三套 Part ⅠWriting Working in a state-owned business or in a joint venture Upon graduation, all college students will confront the problem of the career choice,which is truly a tough one. Some hold that there is no better way to get a decent job than working in a stated-owned business, which will guarantee their quality of life after retirement, [while others insist that working in a joint venture outweighs any other jobs as it may provide higher income. As for me, I prefer the latter.  For one thing, a joint venture usually offers a more cooperative and competitive working atmosphere which is suitable for the beginners to develop their abilities. For another, joint ventures usually provide high salaries, which rts a tremendous fascination on a great number of people, especially to the beginners who need to cover the expenses of transportation, the house-renting, and social activities. Besides the above two, I adore the diverse business culture in the joint ventures, immersed in which I can broaden my vision and expand my knowledge. Based on the above reasons, working in a joint venture will be my first and sole choice. Part Ⅱ Listening Comprehension 听力与第一套和第二套一样,故此套略 说明因为 2016 年 12 月四级测验全国共考了 2 套听力,本套真题听力与前 2 套内容完整一样,只是顺 序纷歧样,因此在本套真题中不再重复出现。 Part ⅢReading Comprehension Section A 26 Echallenges 27 J searched 28 Dcategorizing 29 Ksimilarities 30 Lslightly 31 Gpercentage 32 Otraditional 33 Iregardless 34 Hproving 35 Msuggests Section B 36 I Jamming attacks are absolutely possible. 37 D Jamming concerns are nothing new, and they’re not unique to security systems. 38 J Let’s imagine that you live in a small home with a wireless security setup that offers a functional anti-jamming system. 39 F Wireless security providers will often take steps to help combat the threat of jamming attacks. 40 B The most likely type of burglary by far is the unsophisticated crime of opportunity, usually involving a broken window or some forced entry. 41 H ]We like the unique nature of that software. 42 C One of the main theoretical home-security concerns is whether or not a given system is vulnerable to being blocked from working altogether. 43 K At the end of the day, these kinds of systems are primarily designed to protect against the sort of opportunistic smash-and-grab attack that makes up the majority of burglaries. 44 G SimpliSafe was singled out in one recent article on jamming, complete with a video showing the entire system being effectively bypassed with handheld jamming equipment. 45 E Security devices are required to list the frequencies they broadcast onthat means that a potential thief can find what they need to know with minimal Googling. Section C 46 B He intends to get rid of the tipping practice. 47 C It forces the customer to compensate the waiter. 48 D They can have some say in how much their servers earn. 49 A Service quality has little effect on tip size. 50 D Waiters should be paid by employers instead of customers. 51 C The impact of chepa oil on global economic growth. 52 D Consumers will spend their savings from cheap oil on other commodities. 53 C They use their money reserves to back up consumption. 54 B Its negative effects more than cancel out its positive effects. 55 A People are not spending all the money they save on gas. Part Ⅳ Translation With China’s re and opening up, nowadays quite a number of youngsters would like to celebrate their weddings in western style. The bride wears a white wedding dress at the ceremony, as white is regarded as a symbol of purity. However, in traditional Chinese culture, white is a color that is often used in funerals. That s why it s necessary to keep in mind that white flowers must not be gifts for patients, especially not for the elders or critically ill patients. Similarly, the cash gift shouldn’t be packed in a white envelope, but in a red one instead. 四级完整版真题及答案解析敬请存眷备战 2017 年 6 月黑旋风试卷 1 月底2 月初全新上市,敬请等待


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